January 25, 1913
The other advertisements on this page highlight a number of local African-American women who operated small hair care businesses. Miss Beatrice Smith’s Hair Shop on 1717 South St. offered a selection of “wigs, transformations, pomps, braids, puffs, bangs, etc.”; Mrs. P. Hasborough Owens promoted Owen’s Ethiopian Scalp Food; and Miss Virginia Reed promised Hair Culture and Scalp Treatment with “All modern improvements for the comfort of patrons.”
On the historical, cultural, and economic aspects of African-American women’s hair practices, see Noliwe Rooks, Hair Raising: Beauty, Culture, and African American Women (1996); Ingrid Banks, Hair Matters: Beauty, Power, and Black Women’s Consciousness (2000), and Ayana Byrd and Lori Tharps, Hair Story: Untangling the Roots of Black Hair in America (2014). On the history of the cosmetics industry, see Kathy Peiss, Hope in a Jar: The Making of America’s Beauty Culture (1998) and A’Lelia Bundles, On Her Own Ground: The Life and Times of Madam C. J. Walker (2002).